Learn how to troubleshoot psychological problems
Psychological obstacles in the study of middle school students are intersecting, each person has different problems, and their degrees are different. Therefore, special research should be conducted on prevention and elimination.
In addition, the causes of various psychological disorders are also quite complicated, both social, school, and family factors, as well as the subjective reasons of the students themselves.
Therefore, the explanations can only be combined from several major aspects in order to obtain the overall effect of comprehensive governance.
1. A good social environment is the basis of scientific research.
To prevent and eliminate students’ psychological obstacles, we must first provide a good social environment.
First of all, to achieve a fundamental improvement in the party and social ethos, eliminate corruption, and promote the spirit of seeking truth from facts. This is a social condition to prevent and eliminate student rebellious, closed, and indifferent psychology.
Second, purifying social culture and thoroughly removing the poison of bourgeois spiritual pollution and feudal ideological culture are important conditions for preventing and eliminating students’ psychological obstacles.
Now it is cleaning up the cultural market and removing yellow low-level audiovisual books and magazines. It is indeed a top priority for middle school students, and they also benefit the most. The film and television books and magazines that can be published but have certain substitutions must be pointed out through comments to eliminate the causes of adverse effects.
Third, establish a correct view of education and talents, break the one-sided understanding of talents in college, value the personality and personality of students, do not artificially classify the students, do not despise and discriminate poor students, and completely eliminate intellectual education first, scoreFirst, the old notion of going to college first allows every student to live and learn freely and happily in a warm, equal family. Many psychological obstacles will naturally not arise and develop.
In addition, it is also important to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of middle school students fairly, treat students who make mistakes correctly, and truly establish a social concept of equality between men and women.
2. Reasonable family education is a necessary condition. The family is the first base to cultivate healthy emotions, good habits, excellent quality and noble morality, which has a great impact on the growth of students, and it is also of great significance to the generation or elimination of psychological obstacles.
First of all, parents cannot spoil and spoil their children, especially they cannot prevent their children’s excessive demands as a reward for learning. Many bad habits often occur, and eventually they develop into psychological obstacles.
Therefore, parents should learn a bit of pedagogy and common sense in psychology. The currently emerging parent schools are worthy of vigorous promotion, especially for the one-child families.
Second, parents should respect and understand their children. This is especially worthy of publicity and promotion in our long feudal country.
Too many parents also believe that they have the highest power over their children and can scold and arbitrarily, without knowing that they should respect the child’s personality, let alone understand.
Some closed, lonely, narrow, inferior students are often the product of this family education.
Third, parents should know and estimate their children correctly.
The hope of Jackie Chan is understandable, but it must be based on reality and the learning goals proposed for the children must not be too high, otherwise they will cause psychological obstacles.
3. Correct school education is an important factor. Most of the activities of middle school students are in schools. Correct school education should be said to be an extremely important factor in preventing and eliminating students’ psychological barriers.
First, in order to implement nine-year compulsory education, we believe that there should be no key schools in junior high schools, and all schools should not have key classes (high school issues are not discussed here for the time being).
This grading has more disadvantages than advantages to the psychological effects of juveniles.
Solving this problem is an important measure to prevent certain psychological disorders.
Second, equality, respect, trust, and understanding of students should become the professional requirements of each educator.
Students are human and have independent personality and dignity. Our school educators should treat them equally, pay attention to them, understand their psychological needs and emotional aspirations, think that a lot of needs are needed, and the requirements of middle school students are particularly strong.
Respect is based on trust and understanding. It is necessary to understand students’ interests, hobbies, personalities, and needs. Feeling, thinking, analyzing, and experiencing problems with the “if I am a student” mentality can communicate the feelings of students.To rule out students’ psychological barriers.
Third, advocating counseling and avoiding intervention should be a principle of our school education.
Strict requirements on students are definitely correct, but they must not be used to combat students, nor can they be reprimanded and punished at will.
Especially for students with existing mental disorders, intervention will be counterproductive. It can only be achieved through emotional exchange, opinion communication, enthusiastic help, active guidance to understand the reason, move to affection, warm the heart, and help it.The purpose of education is to put students on the road to healthy development.
Fourth, schools should implement correct sexual psychological education, so that students can know and understand themselves scientifically.
Combining adolescent education with moral education and legal education can yield good results.
4. Strengthening students’ self-cultivation is the key society. Comprehensive management of families and schools can produce powerful forces, but preventing and removing students’ psychological barriers must also have effects through student internal factors. Therefore, strengthening students’ self-cultivation is the key to the problem.
First, help middle school students set new learning goals.
Every student entering middle school has a sense of freshness, pride, and a potential desire to start working again. At this time, we must help them to set new learning goals in time, so that they will not relax and can be as soon as possible.Resume adaptation to the multidisciplinary learning requirements of secondary schools and adapt to the transition from children to adolescents.
Second, develop the ability of middle school students to educate themselves and learn to control their behaviors and emotions.
Should maintain moderate tension in learning to focus attention; be good at self-motivation and reflection in action, through self-suggestion, self-persuasion, overcome blind impulse, and guide “independence” and “adulthood” to self-reliance and self-esteemRealm of self-control.
Thirdly, the middle school students are strictly required to form good study habits.
Any lecture, self-study, review, homework must be carefully completed according to the teacher’s requirements.
You must learn to actively feedback your learning situation, such as actively answering questions, responding to queries in a timely manner, and ask the teacher for advice and reflection on questions that you do not understand, do not adapt to, or even dissatisfaction, in order to gain the teacher ‘s understanding and help.Students who approach and turn to their teachers often earn more than closing themselves. Fourth, help middle school students master their own learning methods.
For example, summing up past learning experiences and seeing that some methods are effective for you; you can also compare the learning situation of each subject and think about why a certain course is better, but not a certain course. Find out the reason and method from it, and once againWhy are there some chapters, theorems, and articles in this course?
Some are worse.
Develop a habit of summarizing, thinking, and self-regulating, and gradually improve an effective method that suits you.
Fifth, train middle school students to adapt as soon as possible, care and love class collectives, unite classmates, and establish a sincere friendship with everyone.
The warm class is a good learning environment and a good place to grow up and live happily.
Sixth, gradually establish the correct outlook on life and world view of middle school students; learn to distinguish right from wrong, beauty and ugliness, authenticity, good and evil, know how to uphold truth, and restrain bad influences, according to the requirements of “being ideal, moral, cultural, and disciplined”At the same time as perfecting oneself, it also plays the role of improving the class collective.
Seventh, tell middle school students to pour out to the teacher frankly, get understanding and help whenever they are upset and distressed, to be alert and introspective when they are praised or criticized, to be self-controlling when they are tempted, to keep themselves cheerful and happy, naturallyThere will be no psychological obstacles.